Wool

   This animal fiber is derived from the hair of sheep or lamb. Wool fiber dates back 10,000 years when early man in Central Asia discovered that the hair from animal skins, which were already being used to provide warmth, could be formed into yarn and then woven to form fabric. The technique spread and ancient Egyptians were known to have popularized its use as early as 4000 B.C.E.
   The processing of wool yarn involves cleaning or scouring the wool to extract impurities and then carding it, which produces a continuous strand of yarn before it is twisted. The combing process yields a smoother more lustrous yarn such as those used to make worsted wool fabric. The yarn is then spun and twisted to create the desired thinness before it is dyed to the desired color. Once wool yarn is woven it must be finished to control shrinkage and smooth out the wrinkles.
   Wool fiber is measured in microns, with 1 micron measuring the equivalent of 1/20,000th of an inch in diameter. The finest wool yarns, such as those used in underwear, measure between 10-20 microns in diameter and are taken from fleece taken from the animal's shoulders and sides.
   Wool is one of the most popular fabrics in the industry today because of its warmth, resiliency, comfort, and flame resistance.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wool — is the fiber derived from the specialized skin cells, called follicles, [Australian Wool Corporation, Australian Wool Classing, Raw Wool Services, 1990] of animals in the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of… …   Wikipedia

  • Wool — (w[oo^]l), n. [OE. wolle, wulle, AS. wull; akin to D. wol, OHG. wolla, G. wolle, Icel. & Sw. ull, Dan. uld, Goth, wulla, Lith. vilna, Russ. volna, L. vellus, Skr. [=u]r[.n][=a] wool, v[.r] to cover. [root]146, 287. Cf. {Flannel}, {Velvet}.] [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wool — [wul] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: wull] 1.) the soft thick hair that sheep and some goats have on their body →↑lambswool 2.) material made from wool ▪ a pure wool skirt ▪ a mix of 80% wool and 20% man made fibres ↑knitting needle, ↑wool 3.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • wool — [wool] n. [ME wolle < OE wull, akin to Ger wolle < IE base * wel , hair, wool, grass > L villus, shaggy hair, vellus, fleece, lana, wool, Gr lēnos, wool] 1. a) the soft, curly or crisp hair of sheep b) the hair of some other animals, as… …   English World dictionary

  • wool — [ wul ] noun uncount ** thick hair that grows on sheep and some other animals a. fiber made from wool, used in KNITTING: a ball of wool b. cloth made from wool: a wool jacket pull the wool over someone s eyes to trick someone, often by saying… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • wool — O.E. wull, from P.Gmc. *wulno (Cf. O.N. ull, O.Fris. wolle, M.Du. wolle, Du. wol, O.H.G. wolla, Ger. wolle, Goth. wulla), from PIE *wele (Cf. Skt. urna; Avestan varena; Gk. lenos wool; …   Etymology dictionary

  • wool|y — «WUL ee», adjective, wool|i|er, wool|i|est, noun, plural wool|ies. = woolly. (Cf. ↑woolly) …   Useful english dictionary

  • wool — ► NOUN 1) the fine soft curly or wavy hair forming the coat of a sheep, goat, or similar animal, especially when shorn and made into cloth or yarn. 2) a metal or mineral made into a mass of fine fibres. ● pull the wool over someone s eyes Cf.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Wool — (spr. Wuhl), John Ellis, geb. 1789 zu Newburgh im Staate New York; brachte den größeren Theil seiner Jugend in einem Kaufmannsladen in Tory zu u. studirte später noch Rechtswissenschaften, gab aber nach einem Jahre dies Studium wieder auf u. nahm …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • wool — woollike, adj. /wool/, n. 1. the fine, soft, curly hair that forms the fleece of sheep and certain other animals, characterized by minute, overlapping surface scales that give it its felting property. 2. fabrics and garments of such wool. 3. yarn …   Universalium

  • wool — n. 1 fine soft wavy hair from the fleece of sheep, goats, etc. 2 a yarn produced from this hair. b cloth or clothing made from it. 3 any of various wool like substances (steel wool). 4 soft short under fur or down. 5 colloq. a person s hair, esp …   Useful english dictionary

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